Expungement on Joint Suspended Sentence Is Available
There is also disagreement among defense attorneys and prosecutors over whether a person sentenced to years in prison, but given a suspended sentence and ordered to probation, is eligible for expungement under Penal Code § 1203.4. The following case summary shows that there is even confusion among judges on this issue. In fact, the judge involved in the following case enjoys a good reputation and is widely respected.Summary: Trial court denied expungement because petitioner given a five-year joint suspended sentence is reversed on appeal.
Parker appealed this ruling to the Second Appellate District Court in Downtown Los Angeles, arguing that the trial court made a mistake because Penal Code § 1203.4 relief is available for anyone who completes probation successfully, with certain exceptions (that did not apply to him). Under Penal Code § 1203(a), “probation means the suspension of the imposition or execution of a sentence.” Therefore, he was eligible for expungement despite having a “joint suspended” sentence.
The Second Appellate District, in People v. Rick Parker, Jr. (2013) 217 Cal.App.4th 498 (slip opinion at 2013 DJDAR 8077), agreed with Parker that the trial court did make a mistake. It began its opinion by first agreeing with Parker’s observation of the text of 1203(a), but then further finding fault with the trial court’s reliance on a 1997 case, People v. Howard, 16 Cal. 4th 1081.
In People v. Howard, the California Supreme Court similarly sentenced defendant at to a joint suspended sentence, like Parker. However, in Howard, defendant violated probation and the judge revoked probation, sending him to prison. In Howard, Howard sought expungement and the trial court denied the petition. Howard appealed the ruling up to the California Supreme Court, which affirmed the trial court. The judge in Parker then relied upon Howard.
The Second Appellate District explained that once the trial court revokes probation, defendant’s status changed from probationer to prisoner. Once a prisoner, he was no longer eligible for expungement. However, Howard’s probation was never revoked.
Accordingly, the Second Appellate District reversed the trial court and the matter was remanded to the trial court to grant the petition.
This case is significant because there is a pervasive misunderstanding that expungement is unavailable if one accepts a plea bargain to a “joint suspended” sentence. Mr. Parker’s appeal seems to remove this confusion.
In fact, we would further add that even if Howard’s probation had been revoked, he could still seek expungement of the conviction under the interest of justice, but the judge would be free to deny such a request. The judge also could grant such a request. Our office has filed such petitions under the interest of justice, and had such petitions granted. when other attorneys previously told our client this was legally impermissible.
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