California Correctional Center (CCC)
This minimum custody prison is located in the far northeast corner of California at an altitude of over 4,100 feet. It is near the southern border of Oregon and the western border of Nevada. The city of Susanville is named as such for its location next to the Susan River. It is a solid two-day drive from Los Angeles. This remote prison was built in 1963. The primary mission of the California Correctional Center (CCC) is to receive, house, and train minimum-custody inmates for placement into one of the institution's 18 Northern California conservation camps.
Working collaboratively with the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection, these camps are strategically located throughout the north state to provide fire suppression hand crews, as well as an organized labor force for public conservation projects and other emergency response needs of the State. In 2007, Governor Schwartzenegger used many of the prisoners to fight the 2007 California wildfires.
The prison is also known for its care and rehabilitation of wild horses that are captured from western Nevada and southern Oregon and brought to the prison for the prisoners to care for. Due to AB109, its population has dropped from over 6,000 in 2010 to under 3,000 as of early 2013. This prison has long-been suggested for closure, but it keeps open. It was the subject of a 2007 PBS documentary, “Prison Town, USA.”